Types of Visas in Ireland: Explained

Ireland, with its rich history, vibrant culture, and breathtaking landscapes, beckons travelers from every corner of the globe.

Whether you’re drawn to the literary streets of Dublin, the wild Atlantic Way, or the tranquility of the countryside, navigating the Emerald Isle begins with understanding its gateway: the visa system.

This guide offers a lantern in the misty world of Irish visas, illuminating the path for tourists, students, professionals, and those seeking a new home.

Let’s dive in!

Who Needs An Ireland Visa?

Whether or not you need a visa to enter Ireland depends on your nationality and the purpose and duration of your visit.

  1. Visa-Required Nationals: Citizens of certain countries must obtain a visa before traveling to Ireland, regardless of the purpose and duration of their visit.

These countries include but are not limited to Afghanistan, China, India, Nigeria, Pakistan, Russia, and South Africa. Nationals of these countries typically need a visa for short stays (C visa) and long stays (D visa) for purposes such as work, study, or family reunification.

  1. Visa-Exempt Nationals: Citizens of many countries, including all European Union (EU) and European Economic Area (EEA) countries, as well as several other countries, do not need a visa for short stays (up to 90 days) in Ireland for:
  • Tourism
  • Business
  • Visiting family or friends
  • Attending conferences

However, some nationals may still require a visa for long stays (over 90 days) or specific purposes such as work or study.

  1. Transit Passengers: Nationals of certain countries may transit through Ireland on their way to another destination without a visa, provided they meet certain conditions, such as holding a valid visa for their final destination and not leaving the airport’s international transit area.

If you intend to travel to Ireland from a non-EEA country, you must undergo the visa application process before arrival.

Applying for a visa can be intricate, with varying requirements, fees, processing times, and necessary documentation depending on the specific visa category applicable to your situation.

Like many other nations, the visa application procedure for Ireland is multifaceted. It demands important information submission, and any inaccuracies in your application may lead to significant delays and potential expenses.

Visas in Ireland are categorized into two main types: short stay (C Visas) and long stay (D Visas). Under short-stay visas, options include tourist visas and short-term family visit visas.

For long-stay visas, applicants can pursue various categories such as business, employment, student, spouse, family reunion, and retirement visas.

Types Of Ireland Visas

Ireland’s visa options are categorized based on the length of stay, the purpose of travel, and the number of entries permitted.

Irish Short-Stay Visas (C Visa)

If your travel plans to Ireland span less than three months, you’ll need to apply for a short-stay visa tailored to the purpose of your visit.

The various Irish short-stay visas include:

  1. Irish Tourist Visa: Issued to foreign nationals intending to explore Ireland for tourism purposes.
  2. Irish Business Visa: Designed for foreign nationals conducting business, attending meetings, or engaging in other business-related activities in Ireland.
  3. Irish Employment Visa under the Atypical Working Scheme: Granted to foreign nationals authorized to take up short-term employment opportunities in Ireland.
  4. Irish Stage Performance or Tournament Visa: Intended for performing artists staging performances or athletes participating in sporting events in Ireland.
  5. Irish Training Visa: Foreign nationals participating in short-term training courses in Ireland.
  6. Irish Short-Term Internship Visa: Granted to foreign nationals engaging in paid internships in Ireland for a period not exceeding three months.
  7. Irish Medical Treatment Visa: Required for foreign nationals seeking medical treatment at an Irish medical institution.
  8. Irish Join a Ship Visa: Issued to foreign nationals embarking on a ship in Ireland within 24 hours of entry.
  9. Irish Marriage Visa: Foreign nationals intending to marry in Ireland after receiving acknowledgment from the Irish Registrar of Civil Marriages.
  10. Irish Exam Visa: Required for foreign nationals traveling to Ireland to take examinations.

Irish Long-Stay Visas (D Visa)

If your plans involve staying in Ireland for over three months, you must apply for a long-stay visa suited to your circumstances. 

The various types of Irish long-stay visas include:

  1. Irish Study Visa: This visa is intended for foreign nationals seeking to pursue their studies at an Irish educational institution.
  2. Irish Work Visa: Designed for foreign nationals who have secured employment and obtained the necessary immigration permission to work in Ireland.
  3. Irish Family Visa: Required for foreign nationals wishing to join a family member who is also a foreign national residing in Ireland.
  4. Irish Working Holiday Visa: This visa is available to foreign nationals from countries with a work holiday agreement with Ireland.
  5. Irish Researcher Visa: Granted to foreign nationals employed as scientific researchers in Ireland.
  6. Irish Long-Term Internship Visa: Issued to foreign nationals participating in paid internships lasting longer than three months.
  7. Irish Volunteer Visa: For foreign nationals interested in volunteering with charities, non-profits, or voluntary organizations in Ireland.
  8. Irish Minister of Religion Visa: For foreign nationals traveling to Ireland to conduct religious ceremonies or similar activities.
  9. Irish Retirement Visa: Applicable to financially self-sufficient foreign nationals not seeking employment in Ireland.

Irish Transit Visa

Citizens from specific countries must seek an Irish Transit visa if they intend to change their mode of transport at an Irish airport or seaport without passing through border control.

Explore further details regarding the requirements for an Ireland Transit Visa here.

Irish Single And Multiple Entry Visas

The Irish Single and Multiple-Entry visas are categorized by the frequency of entries permitted during the visa’s validity period.

A single-entry Irish visa enables entry into Ireland once, and subsequent re-entry after departure is not permitted, even if the visa remains valid.

Conversely, a multiple-entry Irish visa allows for multiple entries and exits from Ireland within the visa’s validity period.

However, single-entry visas are less frequently issued than single-entry visas. They are typically reserved for travelers with a history of visa compliance or those who anticipate frequent travel, such as for short business engagements.

While it’s possible to apply for a multiple-entry visa, the decision to grant one rests with Irish authorities.

Short-Term Visas

Several visa types are categorized as short-term stays, all valid for 90 days or less. Each visa has its restrictions, and adhering to the entry conditions is important.

Tourist Visa

This visa grants permission for visitors to travel to Ireland and stay for a maximum of 90 days, primarily for tourism purposes or short-term study programs.

However, holders of this visa are prohibited from engaging in any form of employment, whether paid or unpaid and cannot avail themselves of publicly funded services.

Depending on your nationality and country of origin, the Tourist visa may permit travel between Ireland and the UK.

Business Visa

The Business visa allows individuals to travel to Ireland for up to 90 days for specific business activities associated with their employment. 

Permissible activities include attending meetings, negotiating or executing agreements or contracts, or engaging in limited work activities for 14 days or fewer

However, individuals holding this visa cannot work for more than 15 days or rely on Irish public services, such as hospitals.

Family Or Friends Visa

This visa classification is intended for individuals outside of Ireland with family members or friends residing there. Its purpose is to facilitate visits of up to 90 days.

In addition to meeting the requirements of short-stay visas, applicants must also demonstrate strong ties to their country of origin and a commitment to adhere to the visa duration.

Marriage Visa

If you intend to marry your partner or enter a civil partnership in Ireland, you may qualify for a marriage visa.

Specific eligibility criteria apply for this visa category. Before applying, you must obtain an acknowledgment from the Registrar of Civil Marriages in Ireland confirming the submission of an official notification of intent to marry.

Your partner must be either an Irish citizen or possess valid settlement status. While the stay is 90 days, you may apply for a Spouse visa afterward.

Overview Of Extended Stay Irish Visas

Extended Stay Visas

Designed for individuals planning to stay in Ireland for more than 90 days, extended stay visas cover various categories such as student, family, partner, employment, and other types of visas.

Some applicants may count time spent in Ireland on an extended stay visa towards their application for Irish citizenship.

Student Visa

This visa is intended for non-EEA students seeking to study in Ireland for over 90 days. To qualify, you must secure enrollment in a full-time eligible course and will be issued a Stamp 2 to affix to your passport. 

Certain types of student visas may allow for employment in Ireland.

Family Reunion Visa

Non-EEA individuals seeking to join their Irish family members may pursue this immigration option. It’s a prerequisite that the Irish family members are citizens or lawful residents. 

This category includes family reunification cases but excludes EU citizens or applicants with refugee status or certain forms of humanitarian protection.

Employment Visa

Before applying for an employment visa, you must obtain an employment permit from the Department of Jobs, Enterprise & Innovation. Various employment permits are available, including critical skills employment permits and other types of work permits.

Minister Of Religion Visa

This visa permits eligible candidates to engage in specific religious work in Ireland. Typically granted for one to three years, the role must align with the criteria for Minister of Religion work outlined in immigration regulations. 

It also allows for voluntary work, study, and the inclusion of eligible dependents.

Overview Of Alternative Irish Visas

Several other popular types of Irish visas are as follows:

British-Irish Visa Scheme

This scheme is a bilateral agreement between Ireland and the UK, facilitating travel for Chinese and Indian nationals within the Common Travel Area encompassing both countries. 

It applies to individuals seeking to travel on Visitor or Tourist visas for less than 90 days. Applicants must demonstrate their intention to depart the country upon visa expiration.

Retirement Visa

Designed for non-EEA citizens desiring to retire in Ireland, this visa necessitates proof of financial capability to support oneself throughout retirement. 

Applicants must exhibit an individual income of at least €50,000 annually. Couples applying jointly must demonstrate a combined income of €100,000. Those deemed ‘ordinarily resident’ in Ireland may qualify for public healthcare.

De Facto Partnership Visa

This visa pertains to individuals in long-term relationships akin to marriage, allowing non-EEA partners to join their Irish-based counterparts. 

Applicants must prove the genuineness and longevity of their relationship, along with evidence of cohabitation for a minimum of two years.

Critical Skills Employment Permit

Issued to highly skilled individuals from outside the EEA or those earning above a specified threshold for their occupation, this employment permit streamlines family reunification and residency applications.

Holders may qualify for residency after holding the permit for two years.

Ireland Visa Application Process

All Ireland visa applications must be submitted online, with subsequent instructions varying depending on the country.

Online Application Form Completion

To initiate the Irish visa application process, you must utilize AVATS, the Irish Online Application facility, accessible via the Irish Naturalization and Immigration Service (INIS) website. Upon submission, you will receive a transaction number enabling retrieval of your application within 30 days.

During the application, you’ll be required to furnish details such as:

  • Visa type (Short or Long Stay, Single/Multiple)
  • Purpose of travel
  • Passport particulars
  • Intended travel dates

Additional information includes personal details, residence status, employment status, travel plans, host details (if applicable), marital status, and biographical history. 

A mandatory declaration must be acknowledged before final submission.

After completing the online application, a physical summary copy must be printed.

Submission of Passport and Documents: After printing the application, you must:

  • Submit the application form
  • Provide your passport and supporting documents
  • Pay the applicable Irish visa fee.

Submission instructions are provided in your application summary, with locations varying by country, including Irish embassies, consulates, or visa application centers.

Biometric Data Submission: In some cases, biometric data such as fingerprints and photographs may be required. If so, this must be done at the same location where the application is submitted.

Processing Time and Border Control: Ireland visa processing typically takes around eight weeks, though individual cases may vary. It’s advisable to apply well in advance of your planned trip.

Upon receiving your Irish visa and traveling to Ireland, entry is subject to approval by immigration officers at border control. 

You must present a valid passport, visa, and copies of all submitted documents from your visa application. Immigration authorities determine permission to enter and the duration of stay.

Fees: The standard non-refundable fees for visa application processing are as follows:

Entry and Re-entry Visas: A single-entry visa costs €60 and remains valid for one entry into the State for a maximum of 90 days from the date of issue.

A multiple-entry visa costs €100 and allows multiple entries into the State for up to 5 years from the issue date.

A transit visa is priced at €25.

Additionally, communication charges may be applicable in certain cases. Details about these charges and the fee in your local currency can be obtained from your local Irish embassy or consulate.

Exemptions from Fee Payment: Certain applicants are exempt from paying the fee. This includes spouses requiring a visa and specific family members of EEA citizens (including Irish nationals), provided that proof of relationship accompanies the application.

Moreover, applicants from certain countries may also be exempt from fee payment. As these exemptions may change periodically, verifying with your local Irish embassy or consulate or with the Visa Office is advisable.


Embarking on your Irish adventure, armed with knowledge of the right visa, transforms the process from a daunting task into the first step of a thrilling journey. Ireland’s doors are open wide, inviting you to experience its history, culture, and natural beauty firsthand.

Whether your plans involve a brief visit or a lasting commitment to life in Ireland, understanding the visa types ensures a smoother passage.

As you prepare to cross the threshold into the land of saints and scholars, remember, every visa is a key to new discoveries and opportunities.

Sláinte future endeavors in Ireland!

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